Thursday, May 24, 2012

Perlukah Open Source Masuk Kurikulum?

Rachmatunisa : detikInet

detikcom - Depok, Sebagai salah satu lembaga pendidikan, kampus dan sekolah bisa menjadi awal pengenalan melek open source. Namun kenyataannya, lembaga pendidikan sudah bergantung pada software propietary. Lantas, apakah perlu open source masuk dalam kurikulum?

"Paling tidak ada kampus agreement. Misalnya, ya sudah diwajibkan saja. Dan bagi mereka yang belajar itu kita sediakan laboratorium pelatihannya," saran penggiat open source I Made Wiryana.

Hal ini dikatakan Made sudah berjalan cukup lama. Dia memang tidak punya data, berapa banyak kampus yang mewajibkan open source. Namun pria berkacamata ini memberikan gambaran, setidaknya Kementerian Riset dan Teknologi punya semacam organisasi open source beranggotakan 54 kampus di seluruh Indonesia.

"Minimal itulah, jadi mereka ini yang mengembangkan open source dan mengajak mahasiswa aktif menggunakannya," ujarnya.

Dia membagi pengalamannya, di kampus tempat dia mengajar, aturan ini diterapkan. Made mewajibkan mahasiswanya menggunakan software legal dan jika tak sanggup beli aplikasi propietary, harus menggunakan open source.

"Saya tak segan memberikan nilai nol bagi mahasiswa yang menyerahkan tugas pakai aplikasi bajakan. Karya penulisan, membuat tools, kita mewajibkan pakai open source," terangnya.

Karena menurut Made, ujung tombak pengadopsian itu ada di lembaga pendidikan. Jika lembaga pendidikan tidak mengimpelementasikan etika, dalam hal ini aspek legal, maka orang pun tidak akan peduli.

Diakui Made, sejumlah vendor memang mendekati timnya, agar software propietary mereka dimasukkan dalam pembelajaran. Namun dia harus menolak karena sebagai pengajar, itu akan mendorong mahasiswanya melakukan tindakan ilegal.

"Kenapa? Karena saya tahu mereka tidak bisa beli. Saya yakin tidak ada mahasiswa yang membeli lisensi, paling murah USD 500 itu mahal bagi mereka. Oke lah mampu, tapi mahasiswa tidak rela menghabiskan uang untuk itu," ujarnya.

Lagipula dikatakannya, aplikasi open source punya manfaat lain, terutama bagi mereka yang berlatar belakang IT. Menggunakan open source, membuat mahasiswa lebih pintar karena memungkinkan mereka belajar lebih dalam dan mengulik sebuah aplikasi.
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Wednesday, May 23, 2012

APEC Education Ministers Commit to innovation and cooperation in education

May 23, 2012 - 04:09 -

WAM Gyeongju, Korea, 23 May 2012 (WAM) - APEC Education Ministers today pledged to decisively foster greater innovation and strengthen cooperation in the region's education systems to ensure that growth reaches all citizens.

Meeting in Gyeongju, the Ministers acknowledged the digital divide that exists within APEC economies, but stressed that enhancing information and communication technology (ICT) use in education will be key to achieving APEC's education goals and to sustaining economic growth.

The Chair of the 5th APEC Education Ministerial Meeting, Ju-Ho Lee, Korea's Minister of Education, Science and Technology, and the APEC Education Ministers present, issued a joint statement that pledged to "fostering regional innovative growth, promoting future skills suitable for the global society, creating innovative instructional delivery systems, and fostering more collaborative policy decisions that provide for our common fulfillment." With Russia as host of APEC in 2012, fostering innovative growth has been identified as a key priority - together with expanding regional economic integration, strengthening food security, and establishing reliable supply chains.

"We are witnessing endless potential of ICT use in education," said Korean Minister Lee in his keynote address when he opened the meeting.

"ICT is no longer confined as a method of efficient information exchange - it is now an essential tool for problem solving and critical thinking," he added.

The Ministers also agree that "educational cooperation is an essential driving force for sustainable, secure, inclusive, innovative, and balanced growth" - the key attributes of the APEC Leaders' Growth Strategy.

"Educational cooperation in the APEC region should not be limited to simple information exchange, but rather it needs to grow and expand to a deeper level of cooperation for all people and institutions in the APEC region," explained Minister Lee.

APEC Education Ministers also recognized that increased cooperation among education providers, businesses, and other stakeholders is needed to overcome global and regional challenges, including reducing economic and digital divides.

Addressing the Ministers, Russia's Deputy Minister of Education and Science, Sergei Ivanets emphasized that "cooperative education is an integral part of fostering regional innovative growth." "In order to have competitive economies and citizens, who feel comfortable in the modern world, we must unceasingly improve our educational systems," he added.

The conclusions of the meeting will be reported to APEC Economic Leaders when they meet in September in Vladivostok, Russia. APEC Ministers of Trade and Foreign Affairs will also be provided with a report on the practical actions that will advance the educational goals set here on Wednesday.

Friday, May 18, 2012

Yang penting bukan business plan melulu

Great Businesses Don't Start With a plan

You want to start a business. So you need a plan, right? No. Not really.

As part of the research for a book I'm co-authoring — Heart, Smarts, Guts, and Luck, due out in August from HBR Press — my colleagues and I interviewed and surveyed hundreds of successful entrepreneurs around the globe to better understand what it takes to be an entrepreneur and build a really great business. One of our most striking findings was that of the entrepreneurs we surveyed who had a successful exit (that is, an IPO or sale to another firm), about 70% did NOT start with a business plan.

Instead, their business journeys originated in a different place, a place we call the Heart. They were conceived not with a document but with a feeling and doing for an authentic vision. Clarity of purpose and passion ruled the day with less time spent writing about an idea and more time spent just doing it.

It's not that all planning is bad. It's that efforts to write the "perfect" business plan usually lead to being precisely incorrect rather than approximately correct. One problem is that the content that most people focus on in business plans has little to do with the reality that will actually emerge. Many start-up plans emphasize some gigantic potential market and how getting just the smallest sliver of it will make them and investors rich. A colleague of mine offers the hypothetical example of selling a bar of soap for a dollar every month to just 0.5% percent of the people in China. It's nearly a $100M business! Good luck making it happen, though.

At a business's inception, resources are limited, and the best content for a business plan is real-world data based on testing aspects of the concept. These experiments need not be complex. You want simple, iterative tests that are easily measurable and let you know whether you are winning or not.

It's not just start-ups. The strategic architecture of any business should incorporate facts from real world testing to allow one to adjust course as necessary. This is what Henry Mintzberg, a seminal figure in competitive strategy theory, once described as "emergent" or "evolutionary" strategy. My business partner Mats Lederhausen (formerly global head of strategy for McDonald's as well as former Executive Chairman of Chipotle) has his own saying for it: think big, start small, then scale or fail fast.

So don't worry too much about a business plan. But to guide your thinking, improve a pitch to prospective investors, or better align your teams, consider these design points:

1. Identify and clearly articulate your Heart and purpose. Whether you want to call it vision, Heart, purpose or calling, be very clear on the why of a business — the bigger goal at hand.

2. The team is more important than any idea or plan. The top three priorities should be people, followed by people, and then people.

3. Think big, start small, then scale or fail fast. Per Lederhausen's advice, set the right first "start small" milestone; it will usually involve seeing people's willingness to buy or at least try your product.

4. Focus on a well-defined market sub-segment or niche. At least to start, think of where you can potentially be the best. This strategy is almost always more successful than being just another player in a massive market.

5. Understand your business model. How you will make money is more important than pages of Excel showing financials that are simply too hard to predict at this early stage anyway. Understand instead the basic way you will make money - is it through transactions, advertising, subscriptions, etc?

There appears to be a perennial market for how-to classes, books, and templates that promise almost "color by number" instructions for populating business plans. While aspects of those tools are helpful for a structured approach, they are more likely to mislead because of their emphasis on completing the plan of a business before uncovering its soul and demonstrating whether others connect with it. People feel a sense of accomplishment upon completing their plan, but what does that plan really get them? Filling worksheets can never replace zeroing in on the passion and purpose of your business. That Heart has to be there day one. The most researched business plan holds little value without a genuine Heart behind the idea and the Guts to just get it going.

Wednesday, May 2, 2012

AICTE Rolls Out Microsoft Live@edu to 7 Million Students

AICTE Rolls Out Microsoft Live@edu to 7 Million Students

By Kanoe Namahoe⁠04/18/12

The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) is rolling out Microsoft's hosted communication and collaboration service, Microsoft Live@edu, over the next three months to roughly 7.5 million students and faculty at more than 10,000 institutions throughout India. The new contract is one Microsoft's largest cloud deployments to date.

Live@edu will provide AICTE member institutions with hosted e-mail, Microsoft Office Web Apps, instant messaging, and storage. AICTE plans to expand deployment of Microsoft's cloud services to include Microsoft Exchange Online email and calendar, Microsoft SharePoint Online, Microsoft Lync Online, and Microsoft Office Professional when Microsoft Office 365 for education becomes available later this year.

"Microsoft's cloud platform will make for a truly progressive ecosystem and contribute to the country's technical education by providing a better communication and collaboration platform for institutes and students," said Dr. S. S. Mantha, chairman of AICTE in a prepared statement released last week by Microsoft.

AICTE is the governing body for technical education in India and is a member of India's Ministry of Human Resource Development.

AICTE evaluated a number of vendors, including IBM and Google, before awarding the contract to Microsoft. Deployment has begun and is expected to be finished by summer 2012.

About the Author

Kanoe Namahoe is online editor for 1105 Media's Education Group. She can be reached at knamahoe@1105media.com.
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